This is the first of our free CNA Practice Tests. Our Certified Nursing Assistant practice tests are based on the NNAAP standards that are used for many of the CNA state tests. There are 36 questions on physical care skills, 16 questions on the role of the nurse aid, and 8 questions on psychosocial care skills. This CNA practice test is designed to help you pass your exam on the first try, so you can get started with your career right away!
The nursing assistant knows that the responsibilities of the position do NOT include:
Helping a resident to bathe.
Administering a medication.
Keeping a resident’s room tidy.
Applying an icepack as ordered.
Which of the following would be considered an example of battery toward a patient?
The nursing assistant cleans the resident’s glasses.
The nursing assistant asks for permission before touching the resident to assist them to the bathroom.
The nursing assistant bathes the resident without his or her permission.
The nursing assistant keeps a resident isolated from others as a form of punishment.
The nursing assistant suspects that a resident in the facility is being abused due to multiple unexplained bruises, refusal to answer most questions, and refusal of ADLs. Which of the following actions should the nursing assistant take next?
Notify the nurse assigned to care for the patient about the bruises.
Report the suspected situation to the nursing assistant’s immediate supervisor.
Ask the resident repeatedly to identify an abuser.
Wait for more proof in order to identify the abuser.
MRSA is an example of which of the following?
A resistant strain of bacteria that is difficult to treat with antibiotics.
A bacterial strain that is easy to treat with antibiotics.
A mnemonic to remember how to act if there is a fire in the facility.
A set of activity guidelines designed to keep residents safe.
What is the best way for a nursing assistant to prevent infection?
Use standard precautions when caring for residents.
Apply an antiseptic hand rub before and after caring for residents.
Wear gloves when in contact with body fluids.
Frequent hand washing.
Which of the following is a key part of care when administering a bath to a resident?
Clean the perineal area of a patient before assisting them to clean their face.
Use cool water when bathing the patient to promote better circulation.
Allow participation in care to promote a sense of independence.
Perform all care for the resident in order to conserve their energy.
A nursing assistant cares for a resident. Which of the following skin care measures are correct?
The nursing assistant does not begin perineal care until a second staff member is present.
The nursing assistant notes an unblanchable red area on the resident’s sacrum and reports it to the nurse.
The nursing assistant applies talcum powder beneath the abdominal folds of the resident.
The nursing assistant applies a prescription ointment as ordered.
Before shaving a resident, the nursing assistant checks for which of the following items in the resident’s care plan?
Shaving instructions related to problems or issues clotting.
History of a heart condition.
Presence of the resident’s razor from home.
Any previous refusal of ADLs.
Fecal impaction may present with which of the following symptoms?
Small, watery leakage of stool.
Dyspnea is a term that refers to difficulty with which of the following?
Which of the following statements is true about Alzheimer’s residents?
An increased appetite is common as Alzheimer’s progresses.
Residents can never be reoriented because they will immediately forget it.
The resident may become confused, but hallucinations are never a part of Alzheimer’s.
It is important to maintain a routine to avoid confusion and overstimulation.
Which of the following is a correct aspect of making an occupied bed?
Place soiled linen on the floor until the bed has been remade with clean sheets.
Lower the bed to the lowest level when the procedure is complete.
Avoid raising the bed rails unless absolutely necessary.
Mitering the corners of the new sheet is no longer recommended.
Which of the following is an example of a pulse rate that should be reported to the nurse?
The nursing assistant knows that signs of hypoglycemia include which of the following?
Hot and dry skin.
Which of the following guidelines regarding residents who are hard of hearing would be considered correct?
Encourage family participation to make sure they understand you.
Speak in a high-pitched voice to enhance understanding.
Write down words rather than speaking.
Speak clearly and slowly as you face the resident.
A resident is ordered to be in High Fowler position for each meal. Which of the following descriptions is the most accurate depiction of High Fowler position?
The patient lies on their stomach for twenty minutes prior to eating.
The patient’s bed is at a 30 degree angle with the patient slightly slumped over to the left.
The patient’s bed is at a 60 degree angle with the feet propped up.
The patient's bed is at a 90 degree angle and the patient is positioned sitting up.
What protective equipment should be worn when changing an incontinent patient?
Gloves and gown.
Mask and gown.
Gloves, gown, and a mask.
Of the following symptoms, which one is most likely due to an infection in a resident?
Sudden onset confusion.
The nursing assistant knows that the term “NPO” means:
No oral temperatures are to be taken.
Nothing by mouth.
The nursing assistant should tell the nurse if the client with diabetes:
does not touch their lunch tray.
reports numbness in their feet sometimes.
combs their hair without being prompted.
decides not to finalize a will.
The nursing assistant knows that residents on bedrest must be turned every:
Which of the following pulses will be most commonly used by a nursing assistant when acquiring vital signs?
The nursing assistant is helping residents to eat in the dining room when, suddenly, a resident stands from their seat and begins clutching their throat while coughing silently. The nursing assistant performs which of the following actions first?
Ask the resident if they are choking.
Begin CPR immediately.
Begin the Heimlich maneuver.
A client at the facility receives a new roommate. While the roommate is in the bathroom, the clients leans toward the nurse and whispers, “Why is she here anyway? Is she sick?” The best response by the nursing assistant is:
“I’m not sure. Let me take a look at her chart.”
“Why don’t you ask her yourself?”
“She’s here for the same thing as you!”
“I’m afraid I can’t share that information with you.”
A client with Alzheimers wakes up more confused than usual one morning. The nursing assistant knows that, after breakfast, it is most important to support normal gastrointestinal tract function by:
recording intake and output.
brushing the client’s teeth.
taking the client to the bathroom.
assisting the client to call family members.
The client asks the nursing assistant to assist her to cut her toenails. The nursing assistant knows this client has type two diabetes. Which of the following actions is best?
Retrieve a safety clipper and hand it to the client.
Report to the nurse that the client needs her toenails trimmed.
Check the client’s blood glucose before cutting her toe nails.
Check the chart for physician orders regarding nail trimming.
Which of the following options is the best method to prevent insomnia?
Ensure the client eats one apple per day.
Encourage the client to take several naps daily.
Encourage the client to take several walks around the facility daily.
Encourage the client to remain in bed throughout the day.
The nursing assistant takes the temperature of an elderly client and finds it to be 100.6 degrees F. The client reports having just taken a sip of hot tea. Which of the following actions is appropriate?
The nursing assistants waits at least fifteen minutes before retaking the temperature.
The nursing assistant records the temperature in the chart.
The nursing assistant scolds the client for not letting her know beforehand.
The nursing assistant takes an axillary temperature instead.
A client under the nursing assistant’s care suffers from chronic “foot drop”. The nursing assistant can expect to find which of the following devices in the client’s room?
A mechanical lift.
Two extra pillows.
A nursing assistant takes the blood pressure of a client and finds it to be 82/43. The client reports feeling dizzy. The nursing assistant should:
take the client’s pulse next.
report the finding to the nurse.
record the vital sign in the chart.
instruct the client to drink more fluids.
The range of motion term “abduction” means:
moving the extremity away from the body.
moving the extremity toward the body.
moving the extremity above the body.
moving the extremity below the body.
Which of the following most addresses a client’s needs in regard to spirituality?
Ask the client why he or she is of a particular faith.
Provide the client with warm water, soap, and towels every morning.
Assist the client to the facility’s chapel every Sunday.
Treat any religious objects in the client’s room as if they were any other.
Proper body mechanics when lifting clients involve which of the following?
Keep the spine curved.
Bending at the waist.
Bending at the knees.
Avoid seeking assistance.
Which of the following would be a primary indication of hepatitis?
Which of the following aspects of care is important for a confused client?
Checking the client’s blood sugar every hour.
Asking the client their name.
Keeping the client contained in their room.
Reorienting the client frequently with clocks, calendars, and family mementos.
What type of client may opt to receive hospice care?
Client with kidney disease.
Client with cancer.
Terminally ill client.
Client with diabetes.
Cheyne-Stokes respirations occur in a client who:
has a history of chronic respiratory issues.
is recovering from an asthma attack.
is close to death.
A client in the day room is having a panic attack. The nursing assistant should:
tell the client to breathe as slowly and deeply as possible.
have the client talk about the panic attack.
encourage the client to verbalize their feelings.
ask the client about the cause of the panic attack.
Which of the following residents is demonstrating orthopneic position?
A resident sits in a chair with their back straight.
A resident sits on the side of the bed and leans forward over a bedside table.
A resident walks using a cane.
A resident lays on their stomach with their face to the side.
A resident is choosing items for breakfast. Which of the following items contains the most amount of potassium?
When helping a client with left-sided weakness due to a CVA, the nursing assistant should position the client’s cane:
in front of the client.
on the left side.
on the right side.
away from the client.
CPR (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) should be performed when:
a client is unconscious.
a client is choking.
a client has no pulse and is not breathing.
a client has a pulse but is not breathing.
A nursing assistant enters a client’s room and finds a fire burning in a trashcan. The nursing assistant’s first action is to:
call the nurse for help.
remove the patient.
try to put out the fire.
pull the fire alarm.
“Log-rolling” is a technique best used for which of the following patient diagnoses?
Left tibial fracture.
Spinal cord injury (SCI).
Cellulitis of the right arm.
When a client constantly ignores the urge to void, the client is putting themselves in danger of what complication?
Which of the following types of grief is considered a normal and healthy part of grieving?
A patient is on a clear liquid diet. Which of the following is NOT allowed on this diet?
Orange juice with pulp.
A client with a Foley catheter is ordered to ambulate twice daily. Before ambulating the client, the nursing assistant should:
keep the bag below the bladder level.
raise the bag above the bladder level.
have the patient cover the bag with a pillow sleeve.
ask the nurse to confirm this order.
Which of the following items is necessary in order to place a patient in restraints?
The hospital administrator’s approval.
The charge nurse’s approval.
A physician’s order.
A client eats a bagel and one large glass of orange juice. What is the correct way to record the amount of juice?
One hundred and twenty cc.
One of the patients on the unit is on airborne precautions due to suspected tuberculosis. To rule out the disease, the doctor has ordered sputum specimens to be collected. What is the best daily time for the nursing assistant to collect the specimens?
Before a meal.
After a meal.
First thing in the morning.
Last thing before the patient goes to sleep.
The nursing assistant walks into a patient’s room and discovers him masturbating. Which of the following actions is correct?
Scold the patient and tell him he should be ashamed of himself.
Exit the room to provide privacy for the patient.
Report the activity to the nurse in charge.
Ask the patient why he is doing this to himself.
The nursing assistant cares for a client who is extremely agitated. She yells, screams, and frequently tries to bite staff. The nursing assistant should:
use restraints to ensure the client’s safety.
speak calmly in an authoritative and neutral manner to the client.
use the television to distract the client.
provide care only when absolutely necessary.
A client with a terminal illness tells the nurse that he has begun praying every night. The client states, “If I pray every night, God will forgive me.” This represents which stage of grief?
Which of the following pieces of assistive equipment would be most helpful in moving an immobile client from their bed to a chair?
The nursing assistant prepares to give a patient a bed bath. Before turning the patient to rub their back, the nursing assistant notices that he has a Foley catheter in place. Where should the nursing assistant secure the catheter to ensure it is not pulled during the bath?
To the lateral aspect of the patient’s thigh.
To the bed sheet.
To the medial aspect of the patient’s thigh.
To the bed.
A patient has just received news about the death of his spouse. He states to the nursing assistant, “I can’t believe this has happened to me. I don’t know what to do. How can I live without my wife?” The nursing assistant best responds by stating:
“You will need more time to cope with this loss.”
“I understand you’re in pain. I’ll stay with you.”
“This kind of thing will happen to everyone eventually.”
“Do you and your wife have any children together?”
The nursing assistant helps a patient who recently had a right-sided stroke to bathe. Which of the following describes the BEST method to support the patient’s independence?
Allow the patient to perform as much of the bath as possible.
Ask the patient what he wants to do.
Complete the entire bath for him to conserve his energy.
Encourage the patient to do the best he can to clean himself.
A resident comes out of their room saying they have burned their leg after they dropped hot soup on it. The skin looks blistered and red. The nurse assistant knows this is a:
partial thickness burn.
total thickness burn.
A client who has not had a bowel movement in four days would receive the most benefit from which of the following procedures?